CLAT 2023: Eligibility, Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips

If you are preparing for CLAT 2023, this is the perfect time to start your preparation. For the first time, CLAT will be conducted twice a year, i.e. CLAT 2022 & CLAT 2023 will be held in the same year. The Consortium of NLUs has released all the important information regarding the exam.


CLAT 2023 has been preponed to December rather than its usual time. In one way, it’s good as the exam won’t clash with board exams, but the candidates will have less time to prepare for CLAT 2023. Therefore the sooner, the better.


Worried about how to prepare for CLAT 2023? Fret not! We are here to help you kickstart your preparation. This article will include all the exam details plus preparation tips to help you devise your strategy.


CLAT 2023

The Consortium of NLUs will conduct the exam on 18th December (tentatively). Every year, 22 National Law Universities participate in CLAT for admissions to undergraduate integrated programs through CLAT UG. CLAT is also conducted at the PG level. The exam will be conducted in pen and paper mode. The main focus will be on the understanding and reasoning skills of the candidates.


CLAT 2023: Eligibility Criteria

NLUs announce the eligibility criteria for both integrated LLB and LLM. Candidates who want to appear in the CLAT 2023 must fulfil the eligibility criteria prescribed by the consortium.


Particulars UG Programme PG Programme
Minimum qualifying marks 45 % (40% in the case of SC and ST candidates) 50% (45% in the case of SC and ST candidates)
Minimum educational qualification Class 12 or equivalent 3-year LLB or 5-year integrated LLB
Age limit Not applicable Not applicable


CLAT 2023: Exam Pattern

There will be 150 questions with multiple-choice questions, and 1 mark will be awarded for each correct response. 0.25 will be deducted for every wrong answer. The course content and the examination structure have been subjected to many changes. Make sure you are up to date since these changes will greatly influence your performance.


Nomenclature  Sections
Number of Sections 5
Sections English including comprehension, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Techniques
Total no. of questions 150
Marks per question 1
Exam Duration 2 hours (120 minutes)
Negative Marking Yes (0.25 deducted for a wrong answer)
Mode of Examination Pen and Paper Mode


CLAT is divided into 5 sections of different weightage. The test conducted is for 2 hours with no sectional time limit. The table mentioned below will explain the section-wise question and marks distribution :


Marks Distribution


Subjects Questions(approx.) Marks Distribution (approx.)
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 35-39 35-39
Legal Reasoning 35-39 35-39
English including Comprehension 28-32 28-32
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 13-17
Logical Reasoning 28-32 28-32
Total 150 150


CLAT 2023: Syllabus

Check the detailed CLAT Syllabus and all the sections to be covered for comprehensive preparation.


General Knowledge and Current Affairs

The general knowledge section will check a student’s awareness of current affairs and understanding of important news events. Students will need to analyze the passage based on legal information given in the passage. To score well in this section, students must read newspapers and magazines and remain updated with current affairs. The GK questions will check students’ knowledge on the following topics:-


  • Significant events, dates and significance are happening on the domestic and the global front.
  • Questions related to Arts and culture.
  • Questions related to International affairs.
  • Questions might be asked about some historical events that have lasting significance.


Legal Reasoning

  • In this section, a passage of about 450 words will be given. The passage could be factual or based on legal matters or social issues. Students will be able to score well in this section if they develop an awareness of legal and moral issues. They should be able to think logically and assess the factual situation with a generalist approach.


  • Students must understand how to infer the rules and understand the principles on which the passage is based.


  • Students should be able to apply rules and principles to factually based paragraphs.


English and Comprehension

  • Students will be given a passage based on contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction topics. The word limit of the passage would be around 450 words. Students should be able to read the passage within 5-7 minutes. One has to focus on understanding the central idea of the passage. To score well in this section, students need to comprehend the main points around which the author builds his argument.


  • Students should be proficient in drawing inferences and conclusions after reading the passage.


  • Questions can be asked based on the summary of the passage.


  • A deeper analysis of the passage will help the students compare and contrast different points in the passage.

Quantitative Techniques

In this section, students will have to solve short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information. Questions will be based on the above information. Students will have to develop a skill in deriving information from graphs, and questions will be based on mathematical operations.


The mathematical operations will require students to know concepts of class 10th standard, such as ratios and proportions, introductory algebra, measurement and statistical estimation.


Logical Reasoning

  • A passage of about 300-350 words will be given in this section. Questions will be based on the following points.
  • Students should understand the premises and conclusions of the given argument.
  • The students should be able to analyze and identify the hidden arguments in the passage.
  • High-order thinking is required to analyze the paragraph critically.
  • Students should develop a higher level of intelligence to understand the term inference, as inferential questions will be asked in this section.
  • The skill to understand the passage based on logical premises is another point that students need to consider while attempting legal reasoning questions.
  • Students should also be able to draw an analogy and relationship between the passage’s arguments.


How to prepare for CLAT 2023?

CLAT is a tough exam with very tough competition. Therefore proper preparation and scheduling are required to crack CLAT. Practice makes a man perfect. Practice is the main key to prepare for any entrance exam. Here are some of the tips to enhance your preparation:


  • Start with simple steps. Instead of jumping directly into tough topics and long sitting durations, sit for a few hours initially but with focus and concentration. Once you feel comfortable and focused enough, you can increase the time duration.


  • Avoid making timetables with unrealistic goals. Prepare a timetable that you can follow.  


  • Take video references for your weak topics.


  • Revision is very important while preparing for exams. After completing a topic, revise it at the end of the day.


  • Practice mock tests and sample papers to keep track of your performance.


  • Avoid making lengthy notes. Try to keep your notes short and simple for quick revision before the exams.


  • Brush up the basic concepts and work harder on the weaker sections.


  • If you are watching a video lecture, make notes in a separate notebook.


  • Switch off your phone, and avoid using social media platforms while studying.

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